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What is solution focused therapy?


Solution Focus Brief Therapy (SFBT), also known as TSR therapy in Poland, was developed by Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg in the late 1970s, in cooperation with their colleagues at Milwaukee Brief Family Therapy. This is a therapeutic trend aimed at the goal that the client wants to achieve and the methods of introducing changes that are most helpful for him. It focuses on solutions, not the problems that led clients to seek therapy.

Solution Focused Therapy is a short-term therapeutic method that includes activities individually tailored to the client. It helps  change by creating solutions rather than focusing on problems.

Basic assumptions of therapy:

If something works, do more of it

If something doesn't work, do something else

If it ain't broke, don't fix it

Solution-focused therapy focuses on:


the client's resources and strengths, not deficits and disorders;

on his goals and the change that the client wants to achieve, not on problems;

on his achievements so far, not on his failures;

on exceptions to problem situations, not on the frequency of problems and their size.

What is psychotherapy:

Therapy involves a conversation with a psychotherapist and a joint search for the most appropriate solutions in a given situation. The psychotherapist helps in determining what has been effective so far and allowed the client to cope with problems, and what solutions could work in the future. During therapy, the goal that the client wants to strive for is defined, and the psychotherapist helps the client achieve this goal.

Ericksonian therapy

The humanistic trend, from which Ericksonian therapy originates, emphasizes the uniqueness of the individual and his or her potential for growth and self-development. It is also important to understand the client's experiences and perspectives and to recognize their autonomy and freedom of choice.

Ericksonian therapy based on the humanistic trend is therefore focused on the individual needs and capabilities of the client. Therapists work with clients in a supportive way, helping them discover their own internal resources and coping strategies. This form of therapy may be particularly effective for people who are looking for personal development, want to solve specific life problems or overcome limitations. Like other humanistic approaches, it assumes acceptance, empathy and authenticity on the part of the therapist and supporting the client in the process of discovering and developing their own potential.


Gestalt therapy

In psychotherapy, it is an approach that focuses on the present, on the experience of "here and now" and on the complete integration of the individual. The essence of the Gestalt trend is understanding a human being as an integral whole consisting of various aspects, such as thoughts, emotions, body and behavior. It emphasizes self-awareness and the experience of the present, encouraging the individual to explore their feelings, thoughts and reactions in a given moment. Therapists working in the Gestalt tradition often use experimental techniques, such as role-playing, simulations, dramatizations or art, to help clients understand themselves and their relationships with the environment.

The central idea of ​​Gestalt is also the idea of ​​the "paradox of change", according to which change occurs when an individual becomes fully aware of his or her experiences and accepts them, rather than trying to suppress or change them. In this way, Gestalt encourages authenticity and spontaneity, which can lead to profound personal change.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)

It is a way of helping people cope better with their thoughts and feelings. The therapist helps the client understand how thoughts, emotions and behaviors are connected and how they influence human functioning. Together they work on changing certain habits to feel better.

CBT uses various techniques, such as conversations, exercises and homework, to teach clients how to identify and change negative thoughts and how to develop healthier behavioral habits. This helps in dealing with problems such as depression, anxiety, stress and obsessive-compulsive thinking.

It is important that CBT focuses on the present and focuses on what can be changed here and now, rather than analyzing the past. Thanks to this, this approach is effective and the effects of the therapy can be felt relatively quickly


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